Session 6_ Lecture 4_ (Ethno)Racial Discrimination in Europe  
Session description 
In this session I present the results of the first large-scale comparative field experiment on racial discrimination in hiring ever conducted in Europe. Between 2016 and 2018, as part of the GEMM discrimination study, we sent fictitious résumés to almost 13,000 real vacancies in Germany, the Netherlands and Spain, randomly varying applicants’ ethnic ancestry (signaled foremost by ethnic names) and applicants’ racial appearance (signaled using applicants’ photographs). The study  used a harmonizad design and this allowed Polavieja and collaborators to examine average differences in callback rates across four phenotypic groups and for applicants coming from four regions of ancestry. Polavieja et al (2002, u.r.) propose two models of racial discrimination: the independent racial appearance effects model and the appearance-ethnicity intersection model. I will show the former model provides the best fit to the Dutch and the German data, whereas the latter model better fits the data in Spain. Implications will be discussed with the students in light of the concepts and accumulated evidence reviewed in the previous sessions. Limitations and avennues for future research will also be discussed in this monographic session, which might be opened to a larger audience (t.b.c.).