Session 5_ Lecture 3_ So What is Rac/e/ism/acialization?: A Synthesis and Proposal  
Session description 
In this session I will present a review of some of my own ongoing thinking about racialization processes as forms of othering. The lecture will include a historical review of racist though from blood purity ideas in XVI century Spain to current cultural racism. I will argue racialization process can be based on blood purity concerns (haematic racialization) or phenotypic differences (phenotypic racialization) and should be conceived as one type of a broader process of outgroup categorization based on the naturalization (or biologization) of social difference. Other related forms of naturalization of social difference include pathogenization (where the outgroup is depicted as potentially infectious) and animalization (where the outgroup is presented as unhuman).